Item List

10 Essential Items Should Be Contained In K9 Medical Kit

Accidents and emergencies can occur at any time, even with K9s. First aid kits for pets must be available and well-stocked. Owning a K9 first aid kit is important, but stocking it right is more important.This article highlights all the supplies that your K9 first aid kit needs. Here are the items that should be found in first aid kits: CELOX veterinary granules, K9 tourniquet, tweezer, cold pack, medical tape, towel, self-adhesive bandage wrap, trauma shears, thermal blanket, and gauze bandage rolls. CELOX Veterinary Granules: CELOX veterinary granules are essential for hemorrhage control in bleeding dogs. The granules control both arterial and venous bleeding and can stop bleeding from different sites in 3 minutes. In controlling moderate and severe bleeding, CELOX veterinary granules form gels at the bleeding site. K9 tourniquet: Just like tourniquets for humans, K9 tourniquets are used for applying pressure to wounds to achieve bleeding control. The design of the best of these tourniquets ensures that they remain attached to the limb of the dog when they are moved. Self-adhesive bandage wraps: Self-adhesive bandage wraps are essential supplies in K9 first aid kits because of the role they play in wound dressing. The strong wraps hold dressings in place so that wounds can easily heal. These wraps also play an important role in the prevention of wound infections.The best self-adhesive bandage wraps for K9s are designed to not cause any form of damage to the fur when they are applied. Trauma shears: In K9 medical kits, trauma shears are durable medical scissors that cut through the toughest of materials and applicable in emergencies. The shears are designed to be highly effective and prevent accidents to the user. They can also be sterilized using heat. Medical tape: Medical tapes are a component of K9 first-aid kits with diverse applications. The application of these supplies ranges from wound dressing to the prevention of infections. The best medical tapes for K9 first aid kits have excellent adhesive properties. The tapes can be cut into different sizes and shapes for a diverse range of applications. Thermal blanket: Thermal blankets for K9s keep them warm and prevent hypothermia which can lead to shock. The blankets can be applied over wounded dogs until they get the required medical care to prevent heat loss. Tweezer: Tweezers are used for the removal of external parasites and other foreign materials from the fur of dogs. Tweezers are particularly used in the removal of ticks from dog skins. If a dog is particularly prone to tick infestations, then a pair of tweezers is particularly an essential component of the first aid kit. Dogs that are prone to ticks should undergo physical checks regularly. Tweezers are important for regular and emergency checks. Gauze bandage rolls: Gauze bandage rolls are applied in wound dressing to ensure efficiency and reduce the occurrence of wound infections. When gauzes are properly applied to wounds, they hasten the healing process. When gauzes are part of K9 first-aid kits, they are wrapped around unexpected and chronic wounds as required. Gloves: Gloves should be part of K9 first aid kits because of their importance in the prevention of wound infections. When providing any kind of medical care to an injured dog, gloves are worn to prevent the transfer of germs. When germs are transferred to wounds, infections result. By wearing gloves to serve as a physical barrier, infections are adequately prevented and quick healing guaranteed. Medical information: Medical information about a dog should be part of its first aid kit. The information that should be part of the kit includes vet history, emergency contact, and immunization records. The storage of the information should be in a waterproof bag. The information should be placed in the waterproof bag before being put in the kit. Finally, K9 first aid kits should contain items that can be applied to provide basic medical care before professional medical care is gotten.

10 Uses of Duct Tape In First Aid Kits

We all know that the duct tape is a pressure-sensitive tape made with a cloth backing and found in the first aid kit. This type of tape is typically used for different purposes, in many cases for improvising. This article takes a look at what the duct tape contained in a first aid kit is used for. Read to find out more and get enlightened. What are the uses of duct tape in a first aid kit? The duct tape can be used for various purposes, which include: 1. As a bandage Duct tape can be used with gauze to cover a wound. This can be done by cleaning the wound and cutting out a piece of gauze which is placed on the sticky side of the duct tape to cover the wounded area. 2. For wart removal Duct tape is the most inexpensive method for removing warts. In fact, a study carried out between October 31st 200 and July 25th, 2001 showed that twenty-six patients were treated with duct tape, while 15 were treated with cryotherapy. 85% of those treated with duct tape were completely wart-free instead of 60% of those treated with cryotherapy, and the majority of the response to the treatment happened in the first month. It was concluded that duct tape was more efficient than cryotherapy for the treatment of wart. To use the duct tape for wart removal, follow these steps: Cut a piece of duct tape just the size of the wart. Keep the tape in position for 6 days. (Replace if it comes off) Remove the tape after 6 days and dip the wart area in water. Then rub it on a pumice stone. Leave the tape off the wart area overnight. Continue the process until it is gone, but not for more than 2 months. 3. For a splint Duct tape can be used to make splints in the case of a broken limb to help immobilize the limb. If a limb is broken, no attempt should be made to move it. Instead, look around for a pair of straight sticks and place them on either side of the broken limb, then hold them in place by wrapping the duct tape around them. Do not make the tape too tight. Please note that what we stated here is not a complete treatment; proper medical attention should be sought immediately. 4. Prevention of blisters Blisters are caused by heat or friction damaging the skin. Whether hiking or going on long walks, the feet spend a long number of hours in a boot, making it quite easy to catch a blister. Duct tape can be used to prevent blisters by wrapping a piece of tape around the area where the blister usually occurs or is threatening to occur. 5. To make a sling A sling to keep a broken arm in one place can be made with duct tape. Cut out duct tape similar in length to your forearm. Then place 2 pieces of duct tape diagonally on either side of the tape, beginning from the top. Connect the two diagonal ends with another piece of duct tape, creating a triangle with a line in the middle. Flip the tape triangle over and put more duct tape over the sticky side. Place the sling in-between the injured arm and the chest while the person is holding the arm with the fingers higher than the elbow. Join the two ends around the back of the neck with duct tape. 6. Removing Tick Ticks latch onto the skin surface, and they carry diseases like Lyme disease. Due to this, you must ensure that they are removed within a 24 hour period because they can transfer dangerous bacteria. To remove a tick that has gripped your skin with duct tape, cut out a strip of tape that is large enough to pinch in-between the fingers to create a crease. Use the tweezers of the duct tape to pinch and remove the tick. Ensure that every part of the tick is removed so as not to risk having an infection. 7. To protect a bug bite. Regardless of the insect, when a bug bite begins to itch, it is important not to scratch. Doing this could open up the bite mark to an infection. Cut out a piece of duct tape and place it on the bug bite area once it happens to minimize scratching. 8. Holding a wound together In the event of a long, deep cut or wound, it is advisable to get the wound sealed before proper medical attention can be sought. This will reduce the risk of scarring, infection and also reduce blood loss. A butterfly suture can be done with just duct tape. Butterfly sutures are not meant to act like bandages. It is just meant to hold either side of the skin together quickly when the relevant tool is not available. 9. Joint and Ankle support To lower the frequency of occurrence fractures and sprains while playing sports, duct tapes can be used on the knees, wrists, or ankles for more stability. Bind layers of duct tape around the joint until it feels stable. 10. Duct tape Tourniquet A tourniquet is placed around a bleeding or wounded limb to apply pressure to the limb in an attempt to reduce blood loss. When the appropriate equipment is not available, duct tape can be used to improvise. Loop the duct tape around the wound a couple of times and ensure that there is no slack. Conclusion With such versatility for usage, duct tape is essential and must-have material in a first aid box. From the prevention of bleeding, removal of the cactus spine, fixing of tears on camp tents, this tape offers so many numerous benefits.

11 Essential Things Can Be Contained In Sports/Outdoor Activity First Aid

Experts have shared that a first aid kit should contain essential items for managing common illnesses and injuries. According to experts, the quality of sports/outdoor activity first aid kits is in the supplies it contains. Getting the right supplies for activity first aid kits is thus critical. In this article, we highlight the core supplies that should be in every sports/outdoor activity first aid kit. Yes, the kind of sports will influence the content of a first aid kit. Our focus is on the core supplies that should make the basic sports or general outdoor activity kit. The kits can be broadly grouped as personal kits and response kits. We are highlighting the supplies that make the kits according to these broad categories. Personal kits The major supplies that make personal kits include blister pad, ice pack, band-aid, splint, trauma bandage, bandage, tourniquet, thermal blanket, and gauze. Response kits The essential contents of response kits include Ambu kits, Automated External Defibrillator (AED), bandage, thermal blanket, tourniquet, ice pack, cervical collar, splint, CPR mask, and gauze. Having highlighted the basic contents of both personal and response kits, we now share details about the supplies, stating why they are required in the kits. Blister pad Blisters are strongly associated with sports and general outdoor activity. They can make participation in even basic activities like running and walking difficult. With blister pads, the quick healing of blisters and enhanced comfort can be guaranteed. The importance of blister pads in personal kits also comes from the protection from the development of infections. Ice packs These supplies for both personal and response kits are important in sports and general outdoor activity settings because of the role they play in quick pain relief. The use of ice packs is part of cold therapy for pain to achieve swift relief for sprains, bruises, and strains. Bandage Bandages should be part of the response and personal sports kits because they serve essential purposes like the wrapping of splints, strains, and sprains. Bandages are also wrapped over gauzes and splints. Splint When accidents occur, keeping joints and parts of the body immovable is important for quick healing and achieving the best outcomes. Splints serve the purpose of keeping the required body parts immovable. Splints are important in managing sprains, dislocations, fractures, and even pain and should be part of personal and response kits. Tourniquet Tourniquets work in a way that could be described as similar to splints. These important first aid kit supplies are applied to limbs to create the pressure that limits blood flow. The proper application of tourniquets is important for efficient bleeding control during emergencies. This is why they are essential supplies that make personal and response first aid kits. Thermal blankets During emergencies, thermal blankets are applied to prevent the loss of body heat and the development of hypothermia. Injured persons can lose body heat, develop hypothermia, and go into shock. This is why thermal blankets should be part of personal and response first aid kits. Automated External Defibrillator (AED) An AED can be essential for resuscitation in cases of cardiac arrest. This is because they deliver an external electric shock to the heart in cases of sudden cardiac arrest. When the heart cannot start, the external shock could start the heart and significantly improve the outcome of the affected person. Cervical collar This is another device that can be said to perform similar duties to a splint. A cervical collar is an important response kit component because it helps to keep the neck in position and prevent pain. Cervical collars support both the neck and the spine. Cervical collars can play critical roles in managing neck injuries and pain during emergencies. Gauze Responder kits and personal kits used in sports and general outdoor activity contain gauzes that are used in dressing wounds, keeping them infection-free, and encouraging wound healing. Gauzes for first aid kits could be impregnated with antiseptic materials for maintaining a clean environment around the wound. Trauma bandage Trauma bandages fund in response and personal first aid kits work to maintain pressure on the surfaces where they are applied. They are thus important in the control of hemorrhage during emergencies. CPR Mask CPR masks that are found in first aid kits are used for the prevention of disease transmission during CPR administration. With a CPR mask in a responder or personal first aid kit, efficient CPR can be carried out. As earlier stated, the contents of first aid boxes influence their effectiveness. First aid boxes should be properly stocked with the general supplies highlighted above and the peculiar materials that may be required, according to the type of sports/outdoor activity.

3 legal Requirement to import first aid kits to US

First aid kits have been established as a great addition to everyone due to the role it plays in treating injured victims. However, for businesses interested in importing first aid kids into the United States, it is vital to have a good knowledge of the legal requirements before getting started. Read on to find out more about those legal requirements. Do Research and Avoid Costly Patent Mistakes This is one of the first steps to think of before anything else. When a product is patented, in this case, the first aid kit, it means that the property rights have been granted to the inventor of the product. This prevents any other person from using, making, selling, or offering to sell the product in the country in which the patent was issued. Patents in the US are issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). You can check the patent by this link. The extent of the protection of the granted patent is contained in the claims of the patent. The terms of the patent claims make known to the public what is prohibited with the patent holder's permission. The scope of the patent protection may vary from country to country as the patent office in each country or region examines the patent, and it may have different patentability requirements. Patent Infringement Patent infringement is when a third party uses, sells, or imports a patented product without the patent holder's authorisation. In many countries, the term “use” is required to have a commercial purpose for it to be a patent infringement. The types of infringement include Literal Infringement: This is when an act prohibited by the patent is being carried out. Doctrine of Equivalents: This protects against creating a product that is the same basically, and by all rights with just a couple of modifications. In countries like the US, there are two other types of infringements also Contributory Infringement: This is when another entity participates in an infringement that is done by another. Inducement to Infringement: This is when an entity assists another in violating a patent. So, therefore, proper research must be done, and the terms of any patent discovered should also be properly understood to avoid costly mistakes. 2. Double Check if the Product and the Manufacturer are FDA Approved. Here is a link to guide how to check FDA number The Importer Should have Initial FDA Number According to Title 21 Code of the Federal Regulations (21 CFR) Part 807.3(g), an initial importer is defined as an importer who promotes the marketing of a device from a foreign manufacturer to whoever makes the final sale or delivery to the consumer. This importer, however, does not repackage or change the container, labeling of the device, wrapper, or device package. The regulatory requirements a medical device initial importer is required to comply with include Establishment Registration. Medical Device Reporting (MDR). Corrections and Removals Reports. Medical Device Tracking where applicable 3. The Label The label of the first aid kit that is being imported into the US is another thing that needs to be checked. The label should have “MADE IN CHINA” printed on it. It should also have the manufacturer’s name printed on it too. Conclusion When you choose to import first aid kits from a Chinese manufacturer, you should check out this legal information. It is also advisable that you choose a partner with experience in exporting products to the US. This would help you avoid some problems because they would be familiar with some of the processes and requirements you might miss.

4 Differences between trauma shears and standard scissors

Trauma shears are a special type of scissors used by paramedics who provide emergency medical attention to wounded victims. They normally have a handle made of plastic and metal like every other pair of scissors does, but the metal blade is angled at 150 degrees. This gives them longer arms compared to standard scissors. Trauma shears are created for only external usage and therefore are not appropriate for any surgical procedure. They are very durable and can cut through tough material like leather, car seat belts, denim, even including metal and other tough surfaces. The fastest way to make use of trauma scissors is to cut through hems, bands, and collars of clothing as those parts are usually the toughest of clothing. After cutting, tearing through the rest of the clothing becomes easier. This process will help you to quickly access the wound and give the necessary first aid attention. In an attempt to remove clothing from a wounded person, do not make use of standard scissors and knives. The trauma scissors were made specifically for this purpose. The standard scissors are not as tough as the trauma scissors and making use of a knife is not advisable because you can worsen the victim’s injury or cause further injuries to the victim. Some of the most notable features of the trauma shears which distinguishes them from the standard scissors include the following: Blunted tip: This is the most important and obvious feature of the trauma shears. When under stress and trying to provide first aid to a victim, it is important to have steady hands. This is the importance of the blunted tip. Even if your hands are not steady enough no added injury can be caused to the victim because the tip of the shears is blunted. So if you accidentally poke the victim with the shears, it would not result in another wound. Serrated Blade: The serrations on the blade of the shears make it easier to cut through tough materials. Since the type of material going to be faced when using the trauma shears is not exactly known, they are made to cut through very tough material like canvas, jean, and also leather very quickly and effectively. The serrations also help the blades of the shears to remain sharp for a long time, and they can also help the scissors cover a larger surface area. Size: Besides all above, trauma shears should be 7.5 in in length at least. Angled Blade: The blades of the trauma shears are angled at 150 degrees, that’s why they are bent. It makes it possible to open the shears at a very wide angle without pushing the lower blade of the shear into the victim’s body. They are designed to minimize the amount of discomfort to the victim when cutting off the clothing at an angle and it helps provide a safer and very efficient cutting tool. The major purpose of the trauma shears is to cut through the materials fast so that the required first aid attention could be given to the victim and help save their lives. If the victim is bleeding severely, the source needs to be found as soon and gently as possible. If the clothing soaks up the blood, it would make finding the source of the bleeding more difficult. It is important to have the shears handy because if the clothing is not removed quickly and medical attention is given, it could lead to other problems. Some other situations that will require the clothing to be cut free include: Swelling: When swelling occurs, there is a possibility that the flow of blood could be lost. It is therefore important to access and give medical attention to a swollen area quickly. For example, if a victim has a swollen knee, conventionally removing the clothing around it or pulling the pant leg down might result in more pain for the victim. The clothing will have to be cut free so that it can be attended to. The same goes for a victim who was burnt. This should be done whenever the conventional removal of the clothing is going to cause the victim more pain. Wet Cloths: Wet clothes could lower the core temperature of the victim and increase the risk of the victim going into shock. Depending on where the victim is and the weather conditions, the wet clothing might have to be taken off. If the victim is still conscious, then the trauma shears can be used to remove the clothing, but if the victim is unconscious, wounded and under freezing weather, the trauma shears may not be used. Broken Bones: Broken bones might just be one of the most painful things that someone can experience. It would be a huge amount of added pain to have to pull a broken limb through a sleeve or a pant leg. This is a situation where the material around the broken part of the body has to be cut off to be able to properly access the injury. Allergic reaction: If someone comes in contact with a substance that they have a reaction to, and it has stuck to their clothing, it is most important for whoever the first responder is to separate the victim from the clothing that still carried the substance that the victim is allergic to. In this case, the trauma shears could still come in handy to cut the clothing free. Conclusion For some situations, removing the clothing entirely might not be necessary, but when it is, it is important to have the appropriate tool to be able to efficiently aid a victim. Standard scissors cannot cut through the same tough materials at the same level of efficiency as a trauma shear would, and it could also cause another injury to the victim in the process. So it is very important to have the trauma shear for use when need

4 Essential items should be included in Jellyfish Sting kit

Spending time on the beach and swimming in the sea can be part of a fun day if the day ends uneventfully. A jellyfish bite could turn an uneventful day into a not-so-fun day. Even though jellyfish stings are not commonly fatal, they are generally unpleasant experiences that should be avoided. Since you can't completely rule out the possibility of jellyfish stings when swimming in the sea, it is important to know what to do on such occurrences. This article covers how to handle jellyfish stings in general and particularly how to offer first aid and what to include in a first aid box. First off, let’s share some general details about jellyfish stings. What you should know about jellyfish stings Every jellyfish does not have the ability to sting. Also, of the jellyfishes that can, only the sting of a few can result in serious consequences. Still, it is important to stay away from these sea creatures. A significant proportion of jellyfish stings occur due to swimming into the tentacles of the creatures. Since they tend to move in groups and can be easily seen, it is advised that swimmers stay away from jellyfishes to avoid getting stung. It is also important to look out for jellyfishes on beaches as stings can result from stepping on a jellyfish. Jellyfish stings occur when contact is made with the tentacles and the content of the sac also known as nematocyst is released. These creatures are found in shallow waters as well as deep oceans and freshwater bodies. Jellyfish stings can be poisonous when the stingers contain toxic materials. Such poisonous stings can result in fatalities. How to manage a jellyfish sting It is important to act quickly after a jellyfish sting. The immediate subsequent actions could influence the overall consequences after a jellyfish sting. Here are the steps to follow quickly after a jellyfish sting. Firstly, identify the affected area and rinse it with vinegar or any available commercial spray afterward. While rinsing the stung area, look out for the tentacles and remove them. This step is important because the tentacles can continue to sting as long as they are attached to the skin. Wear gloves or wrap your hand in a plastic bag before removing the tentacles as a means of protection. On removing the tentacles, place a heat pack on the affected area. If heat packs are unavailable, put the affected area in water with a temperature of at least 113 degrees Fahrenheit for about 40 minutes. Removing the tentacles is an essential part of the first aid care a person should receive after a jellyfish sting. Thus, if there is no vinegar, commercial spray, hot pack, or hot water, simply remove the tentacles from the affected areas very carefully, wearing gloves or protecting the hands with a plastic bag. Content of jellyfish sting first aid kits First aid kits should be part of the critical items taken to a beach. Also, pack a first aid kit when spending time on the ocean. While you cap swimwear, sunglasses, sunscreen, hats, and other items, remember to pack a first aid kit. Since jellyfishes are bound to be encountered in an ocean, it is particularly important to pack a jellyfish-focused first aid kit. Here are the essential contents of a jellyfish first aid kit. Baking soda (three to four packets) Baking soda is to be applied to the affected area to prevent the release of further venom from the tentacles. A slurry of baking soda is made from 50% baking soda and 50% seawater. Tweezers We mentioned above that the removal of the stingers and tentacles is a critical part of jellyfish sting first aid. Tweezers are applied for efficient removal and should be part of the first aid kit taken to a beach or ocean. The tweezers are used for scraping the tentacles off of the skin. We should mention that unnecessary pressure should not be applied to the skin to remove the tentacles or stingers. Excess pressure could trigger the release of more venom, especially for the highly toxic jellyfishes. Vinegar First aid kits with vinegar should be taken to a beach or ocean. The vinegar can be poured into a 60 ml spray bottle. Vinegar is applied to the affected surface to discourage the release of venom. One of the first jellyfish sting first aid steps is to wash the affected area with vinegar. Anti-itch cream Anti-itch creams help to alleviate the pain and initial discomfort associated with jellyfish stings. The best anti-itch creams have little to no side effects and do not trigger allergies. Jellyfish sting deterrent lotion These lotions help to reduce the effect of stings on the skin. While they may not completely block the activity of the stingers, they can minimize the effect. Jellyfish stings are bound to happen around water bodies. We have highlighted the essential details on preventing and managing jellyfish stings.

5 Essential Items should be in a gunshot wound kit

When a bullet or any other kind of projectile launched from a firearm causes an injury, it is known as a gunshot wound. This damage may lead to bleeding, broken bones, and organ damage. To ensure that these injuries are brought to a quick stop, there is a need to have some vital equipment in a gunshot wound kit. This article takes a look at what a gunshot wound kit is and the equipment that must be contained in it. Take a look What is a gunshot wound kit? A gunshot wound is an advanced first aid kit that contains supplies for emergency medical treatment to a gunshot wound victim. We cannot overemphasize the importance of having this kit handy in places where firearms are used. This is because the most important thing that can be done for a gunshot victim is stopping the steady flow of blood which could lead to death. What should be in a gunshot wound kit? An ideal gunshot wound kit must contain the following medical medical supplies 2x Tourniquet 2x vented chest seals 2 gloves 1x compressed gauze 1x decompression needle These supplies can be used in treating the following conditions Bleeding BulletWound Pneumothorax We will now review these conditions in detail Bleeding We all know that bleeding is the loss of blood which can be internal or external. Internal bleeding occurs when a blood vessel is damaged, while external bleeding occurs due to loss of blood caused by a tear or cut on the skin. A perfect device to have in a gunshot wound kit used for treating patients who bleed as a result of gunshot is a Tourniquet which is a constricting device built to reduce excessive blood loss from wounds on the limbs. Now here is a typical scenario of where a tourniquet is used. If you watch action movies, you will notice that when a person gets hit by a bullet on the hands or legs, a piece of cloth is tied above the wound to slow down the flow of blood. This piece of cloth is a make-shift tourniquet. When a tourniquet is applied properly, the wounded person can remain in a stable state for a long time. We all know that there are various types of tourniquet but the most recommended for bleeding as a result of a gunshot is the CAT. Here are more details on what you need to know about the CAT What is a Combat Application Tourniquet (CAT) Known as the best prehospital tourniquet in the February 2008 edition of the Journal of Trauma, the Combat Application Tourniquet is the US Army’s official tourniquet since it was first introduced in 2005. It is also used by the Royal Dutch army, British military, NHS ambulance services, the Belgian army, and some fire and rescue services in the UK. Before the CAT, the death rate caused by extremity exsanguination annually was 23.3. When the CAT was introduced, the death rate dropped to 3.5 deaths annually which accounts for an 85% decrease. The US Army’s Institute of Surgical Research deemed the CAT to be 100% effective. The Combat Application Tourniquet is a one-handed tourniquet. The newest and most effective Combat Application Tourniquet is the CAT GEN7 which makes use of a windlass system, and true circumferential pressure to the extremity is provided by a free-moving internal band. The windlass is locked in place once the tourniquet is well tightened and the bleeding has stopped. The windlass is secured with a Velcro strap during casualty evacuation. The CAT GEN7 is easier to use with its improved and re-designed components. Some of the new and improved features of the CAT GEN 7 are: Single Routing Buckle: Slack removal is more effective, simplified training, reduction in blood loss and there are fewer windlass turns. Windlass Rod: It provides you with a better grip, improved strength, and a larger diameter. Windlass Strap: There is a new enhanced strap, a new color (black) for tactical reasons. Windlass Clip: The windlass clip is a stronger, rapid windlass lock. Stabilization Plate: The plate is stronger, increased level of comfort, and beveled contact bar. Free Moving Internal Band: There is an even distribution of circumferential pressure. The Special Operation Forces (SOF) Tactical Tourniquet The SOF Tactical tourniquet is another perfect tourniquet for bleeding. One of its outstanding features is the clip which eases the process of fixing the tourniquet. You just need to unhinge the clip and wrap it around the patient’s limb without having to unthread and rethread the belt. This is vital when you are under pressure or trying to stop a severely bleeding wound. The SOF Tactical is fit for injuries that are difficult to reach, and it can be applied with one hand on yourself due to its design, therefore, increasing the chances of saving a life. SOF Tactical tourniquet is made with materials of high quality. It has a true 1.5-inch tourniquet strap that enables it to provide a wider compression pattern thereby increasing the patient’s comfort and additional arterial compression also. Instead of a Velcro strap-like in the CAT, a set of screws are used to prevent accidental release when moving a patient. There is also a backup ring in its dual locking ring system in case the locking ring breaks. The tourniquet requires low maintenance and can be repaired quickly when damaged. The latest of the SOF Tactical tourniquet generations is the SOFTT Wide Generation 4 which was produced after a comprehensive 24-month research. During this period, laboratory studies and end-user research were compiled to help make a tourniquet that is more effective and easy to use in all environments. It consists of high-strength, lightweight alloys that ensure you can make use of them in difficult situations or on large limbs. Some of the upgraded features in the SOFTT-W Generation 4 are: Retention clip: It locks the windlass in place this reduces the time spent in fixing the tourniquet and increases the device’s security. Windlass: It now has a 5.5-inch windlass, easing the task of securing the windlass into the tri-ring and also increasing the effectiveness of the dual retention system. Quick Compression Buckle: The rounded edges of the buckle make the manipulation smoother. The application time of the tourniquet is also reduced. How to use SOF Tactical Tourniquet Place the tourniquet 2-3 inches above the injury. Tighten the tourniquet vigorously. Ensure that it is as tight as you can make it. Further, tighten the tourniquet using the winless (the metal clank) until blood flow stops. Fix the winless end into the triangular securing bracket. Mark the time at which the tourniquet was applied. Please note that a tourniquet should only be used when There is severe bleeding from a limb and it is life-threatening. Bleeding cannot be stopped or controlled with a pressure dressing. The source of bleeding is difficult to reach. Bullet Wound A bullet wound is an injury caused by a bullet from a firearm. When this type of accident occurs, one of the most important items that must be found in a kit is the Chest seal which is a type of occlusive dressing. Chest seals are designed to treat carotid arteries, punctured lungs, traumatic abdominal lungs. Chest seals can be either vented or non-vented. Vented Seals specifically are used for treating punctured lungs while for other types of injuries that require chest seals, you use non-vented seals. If you have a bullet wound between the navel and the neck, it is summed up to be a chest injury that could lead to the lungs being punctured. In a punctured lung, air increases in the pleural cavity between the chest wall and the lung. This causes the lung to collapse. However, this can be fixed by sealing the hole with a chest seal. It is important to remember that when you seal the hole, you must let the trapped air in the chest out otherwise it will lead to another condition called pneumothorax. With a vented chest seal, you can let the air in your chest out while you exhale. How to use a Vented Chest Seal Check for a penetrating chest wound. Check for an entry and exit wound. When you find the wound, place your gloved hand over it. Bring the seals out of the packs, but do not remove the plastic backing of the seals. Wipe the blood, debris, sweat from the wound area with a gauze. After wiping with a gauze, place the seal next to the hole. Remove the plastic back slowly and roll the sticky side over the hole. The seal should be placed at the center of the hole Confirm that the seal is sticking and that the vents are not covered. Pneumothorax Pneumothorax occurs as a result of a chest injury that allows air into the pleural cavity leading to the collapse of the lung. Pneumothorax can be primary, secondary, tension, and trauma. One of the most common types of is the tension by gunshot which occurs when there is an excessive buildup of pressure around the lungs due to an injury to the lung surface. It leads to the collapse of the lung, therefore creating a need for immediate decompression which can be done with a decompression needle. Decompression needle The most important element that must be in the gunshot kit for treating pneumothorax is a decompression needle. According to the guidelines of trauma life support, needle thoracostomy is done in the second intercostal space (ICS) in the midclavicular line (MCL), making use of a 4.5cm (2-inch) catheter (5cm needle). However, for this procedure, you need to be trained to perform it. Remember that process may look simple but there are lots of intricacies that can only be carried out by a trained and experienced person. Conclusion Gunshot wounds may occur unexpectedly, therefore there is a need to have the right kits needed in saving lives and treating the victim before the arrival of medical personnel. The proper application of a tourniquet, a vent chest seal, and the proper performance of needle thoracostomy procedures by trained personnel could help prevent the patient from exsanguination, going into shock, or pneumothorax. This is why a gunshot kit is a must-have in environments where there are firearms.

5 Tips To Find Quality Tourniquet In China

Tourniquets are important tools for managing emergencies. Research has shown that about 20% of death from traumatic injuries could be avoided if proper emergency services and bleeding control tools like tourniquets are available. This article takes a critical look at how to find quality tourniquets in China. Read on to find out more How to find quality tourniquet in China China is a hub for various types of tourniquets sold by different manufacturers but online and offline. However, finding quality tournaments in China may involve a rigorous process due to the number of manufacturers that sell both online and offline. For bulk buying, there is a need to go through a more thorough process in ensuring that you opt for products that are suitable for your situation. Here are the different aspects you should consider when finding quality tourniquets in China. FDA certification As mentioned above, tourniquets are FDA-certified products. This is why specific standards are applied to tourniquets. Research has shown that the FDA applies at least an ISO 9001 certification to tourniquets. This means that before you buy a tourniquet you should confirm that it is FDA certified. Apart from confirming that a tourniquet is FDA certified, you should also get to know the specifications of the tourniquet you are about to buy. The manufacturer of the tourniquet will most likely list the requirements on their website. Always ask for and confirm FDA certifications because it is an indication that the manufacturer followed the global standards needed when producing a quality device. Length The length of the tourniquet is another important feature to consider before opting for one. Tourniquets are designed as open-loop and closed-loop systems. Those with open-loop systems can be easily placed over the concerned limb, and this could be with minimal restrictions based on the length. Tourniquets with closed-loop systems can be more difficult to apply to an injured limb if they are not of the desired length and size. Irrespective of the type of system with which a tourniquet was designed, it is important to consider the length because it must be built to meet specific standards in length. The general standard for the length of a tourniquet is 37 inches. Remember that the length is important when applying the required quantity of pressure on a wound. Choose one with the right length only. Sampling Sampling is an important aspect of choosing quality products from China. Before making the final order, it is vital to get a sample with the features you desire. Test the sample to be sure that it meets the technical specifications listed by the manufacturer and also determine its efficiency. One aspect you should particularly pay attention to is the ease of tightening the lamp which is an indication of the tourniquet quality as a whole. Remember that if you cannot tighten the lamp, it will not mount the required pressure on the wound. Instead, it ends up being useless and ineffective. Also, if the tourniquet takes too long to tighten, the bleeding continues thereby resulting in fatal consequences. Note that low-quality tourniquets are tightened in four to five circles. This is below the required standards of two to three circles. The TCCC guidelines state that tourniquets should be tightened in two circles, at most three. Use the sample to test the ease of tightening the lamp. If the lamp tightens in two or three circles, you’re good to go on that end and can consider the tourniquet to be of good quality. Do not opt for a tourniquet that tightens in more than three circles. Tourniquets are required in emergencies and are useless when they cannot stop the bleeding in the required time. Fatal consequences could also result due to their ineffectiveness. Pricing Pricing is a critical factor to consider when buying tourniquets from China. In fact, pricing is an important factor to consider when getting any kind of product from China, especially from the factories. China factories are known for the cheap prices of their products which is typically not considered in line with the quality. Getting products at a ridiculously cheap price could mean compromising on quality. Therefore when buying a tourniquet from China, remember that quality must be a priority. Do not bargain for prices that will mean a lower quality of tourniquets. As you bargain, pay attention to the prices and the quality compromises that could be made. Agree on the features and technical specifications you need and make bargains based on these ensuring that no unnecessary compromise is made. Getting quality tourniquets from China means striking a good bargain that does not require compromising on the important features. If the price is too good to be true, you’re probably getting a counterfeit or low-quality product. Ask professional questions One aspect of the process of getting good quality tourniquet from China which you shouldn’t overlook is the period of asking professional questions. Do your research and get expert knowledge on your desired product before approaching the manufacturer. You can then interact with the factory armed with professional questions that will give insights into their expertise. Asking professional questions will save you a lot of trouble and money. Manufacturing experts should be able to answer questions on product specifications, production methods, and assembly products. If the manufacturer cannot provide convincing answers to your questions, then they are probably not the best choice for you. Other notable Factors to consider Budget Your budget is also a major factor to consider when buying a tourniquet. This is because there are different types of tourniquets in the online and offline market and their cost varies largely. However, while considering your budget, it is vital not to jeopardize quality for the costs. Quality must be a top priority. Storage Furthermore, storage is an important consideration when choosing a tourniquet. Tourniquets are needed in emergencies, and this means that they should be readily available and accessible. If you are prone to sustaining injuries that will require a tourniquet, then you should focus on getting one that is portable and easy to carry around. Opt for tourniquets that fit into spaces like cargo pockets and belt pouches or those that come with special cases. Quality control Quality is an all-important consideration when choosing a tourniquet. Since these are standard and specialized devices, tourniquets are made in line with established regulations. The FDA certifies tourniquets with at least ISO 9001 certification. Always confirm the certification of the tourniquet before opting for one and stick to trusted sources. Having highlighted the general factors to look out for before choosing a tourniquet, this article will further provide a guide on how to find quality tourniquet and trusted sources and suppliers in China. Why is finding quality tourniquets in China important? It is vital to clearly state that finding the right tourniquet in china involves a rigorous process due to the large volume of low-quality and counterfeit tourniquets available both online and offline. In fact, a lot of factories are ready to compromise on quality so that they can sell their products at the lowest prices available. However, you must keep your eyes up and focus on finding nothing but quality tourniquets. This effort will end up being a great investment for you and your team. Start from the general features and move on to the specific details you should pay attention to when getting tourniquets from China. After choosing your preferred tourniquet type, proceed by carrying out extensive research to become acquainted with the features. You can then approach the factory armed with the information you need to make an informed decision. Also, remember to request a sample. Testing the sample will provide more insights on whether you've made the right choice. While bargaining and discussing with the factory, remember to never compromise on quality. Remember that having a low-quality tourniquet is as good as not having a tourniquet. Conclusion As stated above, over the years, China has made a name for itself as a hub for various types of tourniquets. However, it is very much possible to find quality tourniquets in China. Embracing the steps listed in this article can help you find the right quality tournament customized for that situation. In addition, it is vital to arm yourself with the right information about your desired product, ask questions, request samples and carry out a test before opting for one.

5 equipments that are used for emergency immobilization

Immobilization is an important procedure for first responders and medical personnel to prevent further injuries in an emergency scenario. There are different types of required equipment, and they are dependent on the site of application. Head Immobilizer The head mobilizer, also known as a Cervical Immobilization Device (CID), is a device that is made to help prevent excessive movement of the head and neck in cases where there is suspicion of spinal injury. They are used with a backboard Cervical Collar Cervical Collars are also used to limit the head and neck movement, commonly by patients who had cervical spine surgery. It can also be used to treat neck pain from trauma. Kendrick Extrication Device (KED) This is a device used to extricate car accidents victims. It is used to stabilize the victim found in a sitting position in case of back or neck pain. It is a low-flexibility device, and it is attached to the victim’s legs, torso, and head to prevent movement and additional injuries. Splint A splint is a flexible or rigid device used to protect and support injuries in the bones, ligaments, tendons, and other tissues. It helps the healing process of broken bones by keeping the broken ends together as straight as possible. It can also be used to protect pain, swelling, or an injured area from additional injuries. Pelvic Sling This is an external non-invasive stabilizer that is used to compress and stabilize an unstable pelvic fracture. It has an inflatable cuff that exerts lateral pressure on the pelvis to stabilize the pelvic ring externally and restore anatomic conditions. The reduction of the intra-pelvic volume reduces haemorrhage.

5 things should be concerned when import first aid kits from china to USA

Importing a first aid kit and personal protective equipment ppe from China to the United States looks simple, well you should know that the procedure is not as easy as it looks and is not a viable option for every individual or companies. However, when one decides to proceed there are some vital things the importer should look out for. This is to ensure that they do not run into problems with the federal government and regulatory authorities due to lack of knowledge. This article provides an overview of the concerns involved in the importation of first aid kits From China to the United States. Concerns when importing personal protective equipment From China to the United States. Patent Issue Importing products into the United States is great but can be a risky thing to do. When dealing with products or businesses with intellectual property rights, you have to trade with care and import products that are not covered by patents in the United States to avoid infringement. A patent is when an inventor is granted the right to a property by a governing body or authority. This legal right granted to the inventor prevents other people from using, selling, or making that particular invention for a period of time. In exchange for the patent rights, there must be a patent application provided to the public that unveils the invention in adequate detail for a person with ordinary art skills to be able to practice or make the invention. Simply put a patent is the granting of a property right by a sovereign authority to an inventor. It provides the inventor with rights to the patented process, design or product for a period of time. The agency that handles the application and approval of patents in the United States is the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The USPTO is a part of the Department of Commerce. Generally, in the United States, most of the patents are valid for 20 years from the date of filing the application with the USPTO. The United States patents are valid only in the U.S. Territories and the United States. According to the USPTO, a person can only be given a patent if the person “Invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof, may obtain a patent, subject to the conditions of the requirements of the law.” Types of patent In the United States and other countries, there are different types of patents. They include: Utility Patents Also known as patents of invention, a utility patent is a legal protection given to inventors of new processes, useful products, machines, and chemicals. Over 90% of the patents issued by the U.S. government are utility patents making it the most common patent. If the maintenance fees are constantly renewed, a utility patent runs for 20 years from the date of filling and as long as fees for maintenance are paid. Design Patents These patents are granted to protect the unique look or design of a manufactured product, new designs or originals. The innovation that has the design must be useful and authentic. Design patents filed after May 13, 2015, last for 15 years while those filed before May 13, 2015, last for 14 years. Plant Patents This patent is granted to anyone who invents, discovers, or asexually produces a new and unique kind of plant with the ability to reproduce. This patent lasts for 20 years from the date it is filed, and it doesn’t have maintenance fees. patents protect the properties of companies to help their profitability and also improves their worth. If an already patented first aid kit is sold in the United States, it will lead to a major problem. Food and Drug Administration, FDA of the manufacturer FDA is a Department of Health and Human Services’ federal agency that is saddled with the responsible for the promotion and protection of public health. They regulate and supervise products, medical devices, infant formula, over-the-counter drugs, cosmetics, medical biologics, equipment, drugs for humans and animals, tobacco products and other products related. If a product is FDA approved, it means that the FDA has ascertained that the benefits of using the product exceed the known risks. Clinical testing results and a premarket approval must be submitted by the manufactures to get the approval. The FDA will likely approve a product with a high risk if the possible benefit is significant. If a product is FDA cleared it means the importer has shown that their product is identical to a similarly marketed device that has already been approved or cleared by the FDA known as a predicate. A 510(k) or a premarket notification submission must be submitted to the FDA by the companies for a product review before clearance and then to be sold in the U.S. Classification of medical devices according to FDA Medical devices are categorized into three classes by the FDA namely Class I, Class II, and Class III. Class III medical devices are devices that are implanted inside the body, or have the ability to sustain life, or can harm the body, and have the highest. They are also the only class of medical devices that requires FDA approval. Class II and Class I medical devices are lower-risk devices that are used outside the body such as catheters, wheelchairs, etc., and they only require an FDA clearance. Before any first aid kit can be imported to the United States from China, it is important that the FDA status of that product be known. Another requirement of the FDA is that all medical products should have the name of the manufacturer on the packaging or label. FDA of buyer The importers of medical products from China to the United States should be certified by the FDA. The importer should have an initial imports FDA number. An initial importer is any importer who helps the marketing of a foreign manufacturers equipment to whoever finally sells the device to the end-user, but his initial importer does not repackage or alter the container, label, or wrapping of the device or its package. There must be a physical address in the country tied to the initial importer, and this address must also have employees that are to ensure that the imported devices all meet the laws and regulations of the FDA. Customs control Custom control is a step-by-step process where an inspector checks, examines, and verifies the outgoing and incoming transport of goods, parcels, and or mails to ensure they are secure and meet the nation's laws and regulations. This custom control is not exempted in the purchase of medical supplies from China and to the United States. If not managed well, custom control can turn out to be frustrating and difficult to handle. There is also payment of taxes and other fees which can be exhausting. To obtain this clearance from the CBP, importers of first aid kits must meet necessary steps of entry, examination, appraisal, classification, and liquidation. A percentage is applied to the value of the imported kits; this can be dutiable per piece, per pound or per kilogram. Border Protection They ensures that all pharmaceuticals imports are legitimate and can go through the border without being seized or being fined. They have tools for inspecting products based on the ECCN classification list. If they finds any suspicious imports which hasn't been authorized by FDA, then they will seize it immediately even if you try to explain that your product is for a personal purpose, such as first aid kits. Generally, they also have the authority to fine anyone who tried to import prohibited goods into the border beyond their control, such as seized goods exceeding $500 in retail value. Long waiting time Times are better now and with the advancement in technology life has been made easier and better. Still, receiving a purchase of a first aid kit from China can take longer than expected. This delay occurs because the package might take some time to be shipped from the factory, state and then finally the country. Additionally, rom the moment the products leave the factory until they arrive in the hands of an individual or company can take longer than two weeks to months depending on the method of shipments. This means that when importing a first aid kit from China it is important you consider the shipping method. Some of these methods include: 1. Air freight The airfreight method is the most efficient method and fastest method of importing your first aid kit from China. This method of imports promises fast delivery and is usually used for items that weigh less. It is mostly used by importers who are involved with time-sensitive products. This method is reliable and safe but just like everything that has a benefit it also has a limitation. The air freight method is expensive and its rate is determined by the weight and the volume of your first aid kit. Although this helps reduce the long waiting time of importation by delivering in hours, you might have to consider your budget before deciding on this method. 2 Express Freight The second method is the Express Freight, which is also efficient for a short notice first aid kit purchase. It is only cost effective when you are shipping in small quantities. For larger purchases it is recommended that you use the air or ocean freight. The Express Freight method is carried out by one company, examples of these companies include UPS, DHL, FesEx. 3. Ocean Freight The last recommended method for your first aid kit is the Ocean Freight, which is the most commonly used shipment method by many importers. If you own a first aid kit company and you are purchasing in large bulk this is the best method of choice for you to use. Also, this method is the most cost-effective eco-friendly method. However it is important that you know that this method takes a long time to deliver your products because the process is carried out slowly and takes time to process. Conclusion Whether you’re a big company or organization importing a first aid kit in bulk quantities or a small business owner who is importing in small quantities or just a kit through the internet. It is of great importance that you ensure that this medical product being imported has not been patented in the United States. This will help avoid the trouble of patent infringement. Checking for the FDA status of a medical product will help to know if the medical product has been certified by the FDA as a beneficial product to the public, and also to help keep the public safe while they make use of the medical product. Before placing your orders make sure you are able to see through these minor problems and ensure a convenient shipment method for your first aid kits. Also, it is important to know that your personal protective equipment have to pass through the Clearance and they should meet the necessary steps of entry, examination, appraisal, classifications, and liquidation.

6 Essential medical gears should be contained in Police Medical Bag

The importance of the police medic bag cannot be overemphasized. This first aid equipment kit carried by paramilitary personnel contains the right equipment needed to handle gunshot wounds and stab wounds during high-risk activities. This article takes a detailed look at the police medic bag and what should be contained in it. Read to find out more. Why is the police medic bag of great importance? Over the years, the high rate of casualties resulting from mass shootings has made it necessary for military and paramilitary operatives to prepare and provide immediate life-saving first aid to injured people. Police Medic bags are life-saving first aid kits containing important instruments that can be administered to a person when there is rapid bleeding or airway obstruction. Items that should be in a Police Medic bag Some of the key items that must be contained in a police medic bag include the following: 2 pairs Gloves 2 pairs tourniquets 1 Compressed Gauze 2 vented chest seals 1 trauma shears A quick-release IFAK or Drop Leg pouch Essential equipment for Police Medi Bag Tourniquets Tourniquets are a type of bandage that stops bleeding from an artery. They are very important in controlling massive hemorrhage by applying pressure. If an officer is skilled in using a tourniquet, they will save lots of injured victims from preventable death. You can either choose to use the CAT or SOFT Tourniquet. However, for a one-hand application, the CAT tourniquet is the best option. While for leg application, you can opt for the SOFT tourniquet. 2 pairs Gloves A police medic bag should also contain two pairs of Nitrile gloves. This type of glove is more resistant to chemicals and punctures. Trauma dressing A trauma dress stops blood flow by applying pressure to the wound rather than just covering it and only absorbing the blood. Vented Chest seal The vented chest seal is designed to prevent penetrating chest trauma wounds from developing into a fatal tension pneumothorax. The vent on the chest seal allows air to escape the thorax while preventing outside air from entering. Compressed Gauze Compressed rolled gauze can be used in a variety of ways to control hemorrhage or bandage wounds. The gauze must be a sterile bandage type which is four-inch wide. Trauma Shears This is a type of scissors used by paramedics or emergency workers to safely cut clothing to show the wound and do applications. Conclusion As stated in this article, the police medic bag plays an all important role. It contains essential first aid kits that help paramilitary personnel to save lives and handle injuries associated with gunshot wounds or stab wounds during high-risk activities.

6 differences between IFAK and First Aid Kits

No doubt, it is very easy to mistake an individual first aid kit (IFAK) for a first aid kit, perhaps this is because they have a few things in common and people consider their similar functions. Thus, a first aid kit and an individual first aid kit are two packs whose functions and importance could easily overlap and may be confused with each other. In this article, we will be taking a detailed look at these two all-important items to see, define exactly what they are and how they differ. This article will also highlight their distinctive features and functions that make them different. Keep reading. What are First aid kits? First aid kits are items designed for managing simple wounds such as severe bleeding, scrapes, and cuts. It contains a collection of supplies, life saving medications and equipment used in administering medical treatment to wounded or injured individuals. The contents of each first aid kit vary based on the knowledge and expertise of the brands that put them together. Superficial wounds managed with advanced first aid kit can be sustained on daily basis while carrying out different types of activities. Furthermore, a first aid kit is most commonly used to treat "boo-boo" wounds, and minor injuries which may cause just a little pain and can be managed easily. Though no one ever died of a boo-boo or a scrape, a first aid kit is a must-have in every home and vehicle. Aside from cleaning wounds, they also help in the prevention of wound contaminations. These small kits typically contains equipment or supplies that help manage and treat wounds like burns, cuts, scrapes, and injuries like sprains. What are Individual first aid kits? These military IFAK could be alternatively described as trauma kits; they contain essential supplies that could save lives. These kits are designed for emergencies and used only by medical experts. This military first aid kit aims to keep an injured person in the best condition until adequate medical care can be provided. IFAK is used for massive hemorrhages (bleeding), airway and breathing problems, gunshot wound, severe bleeding or major wounds which can kill an affected individual within minutes. Therefore, keeping this tactical gear simple, modified, and organized is important to saving time and life in emergency situations. Some essential items that must be found on this IFAK include, bandaids, gauze pads, improvised tourniquets, chest seals, medical tape, bandages, and other medical supplies. However, it is not recommended to have this IFAK stocked with non-essential items. This advanced kit should be completely stored for emergencies and life-threatening conditions, while first aid kits can be kept for daily use or everyday use. Differences between IFAK and first aid kits In looking at exactly what differences between IFAK and a First aid kit, it is vital to take in some factors into consideration. These categories include the following: Products included The broad aims of kits are prevention, action, and recovery or stabilization. All products in a trauma kit are life-saving products, while the first aid kits contain non-life-saving action products and recovery products. Products included in a first aid kit For instance, the first aid kits contain simple products like: Scissors The scissors can be used to cut bandages and gauze to fit wounds, and they can also be used during wound dressing. This is done to reduce the risk of wound infection. Safety pins These are used to secure a wrap or bandage over a wounded or bleeding arm or leg and for splinter removal. It can be used in immobilizing an arm by pinning the cuff of a long sleeve shirt to its chest to produce a makeshift arm sling. Gauze pads Sterile gauze pads are used for arresting bleeding, cleaning and covering wounds. Gloves Disposable sterile gloves are used to keep he person administering first aid protected against contamination. Bandages Bandages help in wrapping minor injuries and wrapping gauze around wounds. Plaster Plaster of different sizes are adhesive dressings used to cover small or light cuts. Other medical supplies for a first aid kit include the following, band aids, adhesive bandages, creams or sprays, wipes, burn gel, thermometer, painkillers like paracetamol, ibuprofen, aspirin, antihistamines, antidotes for cases of poisoning, certain medications among others. Products included in an IFAK Some of the essential medical supplies you will find in this medical kit include the following: Tourniquet A Tourniquet contained in an IFAK is an action product used in saving a life and tactical combat casualty care. It is a tight band used to control hemorrhage (bleeding) by restricting the blood flow to a wound. Note: Tourniquets are used only in arms and leg injuries. Pressure dressings Pressure dressings are similar in action to the tourniquet as they are both involved in hemorrhage control. One of the best means of getting bleeding under control is through well-aimed direct pressure. Tourniquets do the job well on the arms and legs, but they can't be used on the head, neck, torso, or other tricky injury sites. A pressure dressing can be used in almost any site, with advanced features built in to help you aim for pressure where it needs to be. Chest seals Chest seals are normally used when a bullet wound, stab wound from a knife, sharpened wood, or other penetrating trauma affect the lung area. These situations cause breathing difficulties due to air being sucked through the hole of the injury, which can lead to a collapse of the lungs. The chest seal is a plastic sheet that acts as an occlusive for the injury. It seals the hole and ensures the survival of the victim till they can get the right medical attention. This can be particularly useful, especially for military personnel and law enforcement agents. Elastic bandage An elastic bandage is applied to put even pressure on the tissue around an injury. This is done to reduce pain, decrease inflammation (swelling), and support wounded areas. Vet wrap Coban (also known as vet wrap) is an adaptable tape good for minor bandaging tasks and securing splints. They can also be reused if handled carefully and not exposed to high temperatures, which melt the layers together. Guaze Z-fold gauze is a regular gauze, but it has been put together so that it makes it much easier to use in urgent life-saving situations. The hemostatic variants of the z-fold gauze are even better because they have blood-clotting agents within them. Clotting agents are not very important as you can successfully control the bleeding without them (and they can add to the cost), but they make the task faster and easier. Compression bandage A compression bandage is a long strip of stretchable cloth. It is used to wrap around a sprain or strain; it can also be called an elastic bandage or a tensor Bandage because it has a similar function to an elastic bandage. A nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) A nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) is a soft rubber tube healthcare providers use to assist with patient ventilation. It helps supply oxygen to hypoxic patients who can not be oxygenated using bag masks. Saline eye drop Saline eye drops are thrown in the mix because different situations involve pollutants in the air that hurt your eyes and reduce your ability to survive. After all, you can't see. Smoke from a wildfire, dust clouds from explosions, or pepper spray during riots are good examples of such situations. Medications Over-the-counter medications such as Acetaminophen (Paracetamol), diphenhydramine (Benadryl), Loperamide (Imodium), and Ibuprofen (Advil) are not crucial for saving lives but are useful in many instances. Acetaminophen is the safest among painkillers for different kinds of people. Others are gloves, trauma shears, hemostatic agents, band aids, medical tape, adhesive bandages, cotton balls, triple antibiotic ointment, duct tape, C A T tourniquet, duty belt, triangular bandages among other tools. Costs The costs of theses kits are directly proportional to the cost of the products they contain. Thus, since trauma kits contain items that could be described as specialized items, they can be much more expensive than the regular first aid kits. All the items in an IFAK can save an injured person from death. The bag is also specially designed to accommodate these special items and make it easy to access them. This is why trauma kits are always more expensive than first aid kits, and these prices vary based on the brand or company that put them together. An IFAK can range from $75 to $500, while a first aid kit, in contrast, could be between $25 and $350. Costs could also depend on location. Design IFAKs are designed for emergencies. The bags are designed in a well-organized manner to make items quickly and easily found. Since the kits are required in life-threatening conditions where time for a lot of thinking will be unavailable (even for the sharpest of minds), they are designed according to emergency treatment methodologies. The MARCH principle is a common emergency treatment methodology for the design of trauma kits. It is also noteworthy that trauma kits contain only a few items that may differ according to the situation. These specialized items are chosen according to their relevance during emergencies. While a first aid kit is designed to have numerous items or supplies to meet different requirements and types of first aid. There is usually more than enough time to look through items to pick what would be needed for treatments. A first aid kit is designed according to its use. The content of a home first aid kit may vary slightly from a travel first aid kit. Specialization IFAKs are somewhat specialized items. Therefore, the user should have the required skill set to use the different products that make up the kit. An individual must know the basic first aid principles of controlling and managing bleeding without introducing any infectious agent to the wound— aseptic wound management. The person administering should be skilled in the management of a suspected spinal/head injury. The person should be well trained in the correct administration of anaphylactic drugs and analgesics. He or she should be a medical expert with good understanding of the following: How to perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): in a situation where a bystander is involved, CPR allows the rescuer to resuscitate a person in cardiac arrest by maintaining oxygen moving to their brain until recovery or medical help is given. How to call for help or rescue in a danger zone: Law enforcement agencies are primary users of trauma kits or individual first aid kits. They are mostly involved in dangerous situations and find themselves in endangered environments where they are isolated or lost and need a means of alerting the team members of their whereabouts and how they can be found. This is why an IFAK medical supplies must include rescue equipment, and the force trained on various ways of using this equipment. This specialized training could be carried out in organizations where IFAKS are issued, for example among the armed forces, law enforcement agencies, and other tactical occupations. On the other hand, first aid kits do not require specialized training; anyone can use a first aid medical kits to manage simple wounds effectively. Applications First aid kits contain medical supplies that are designed for everyday use. They can be used to manage simple injuries in all kinds of environments, including homes, schools, vehicles, and offices. On the other hand, IFAK contain medical supplies that are needed in situations where life-threatening injuries are bound to occur, such as battlefronts, survival training, hiking, and should also be in the hands of Emergency Medical Technicians. They would respond to disaster calls, accidents, and other medical emergencies. These medical kits are applied in the management of conditions such as exsanguination and hypothermia. The kits also contain items for managing breathing issues, blood loss, open wound, close wounds among others. Military personnel specifically need trauma kits. In situations where injuries occur, their first help may come from untrained civilians. Having an IFAK could make all the difference in this case and help save a life. Military personnel in American college needs to have trained individuals who can administer IFAK, give the necessary help and medical treatment needed to save lives, and manage the condition effectively. Trail guides and hiking or climbing instructors should also have these kits handy at different locations in case of injuries that could likely occur. Weight The weight of first aid kits and IFAKs could be a major difference between them. IFAKs are designed to save lives and make a difference in dire situations. First aid kits are great items to manage basic injuries but will not make a difference in dire situations. Because of their aims and applications, weight is a significant feature. IFAKs are designed to be as portable as possible so they can be easily carried around. Some people carry them on belts or have them strapped to their legs for easy access. The kits may have to fit into tiny spaces so that they are always easily available. Thus, only necessary items are included in a trauma kit. First aid kits are typically heavier than trauma kits. This is because as many products as possible could be included in first aid kits. It is always recommended that trauma kits be kept as light as possible. Packaging bags, kits, or suits should be lightweight, durable, and protective enough to prevent or keep the equipment from moisture and harsh weather and protect the medication. For military personnel, it is also vital that an IFAKS should be portable and lightweight since they need to be carried around during wars or as they travel around. Personalization Trauma kits are designed according to perceived needs. The items in the kits are carefully selected to ensure they include items that will play a major role during emergencies. However, the military kit carried by a soldier might be different from those carried by a firefighter or a hiker. People who carry these kits are also trained in applying medical supplies contained in them to easily treat their team members, or sometimes they might be alone and have to administer some of the treatments by themselves. First aid kits, on the other hand, are designed for general-purpose use, they can be anywhere, and personalization is usually not needed. No training is typically required before using the items that make up general first aid kits. Conclusion Both Individual First Aid Kits and First Aid Kits are great medical kits to have at your disposal in emergency situations. However, an individual first aid kit contains only trauma kits and used often by law enforcement agencies and other firms involved in tactical combat while first aid kits contain simple medical supplies for every day use. When using a military IFAK, it is vital to ensure that it contains all necessary or basic first aid supplies in a backpack, suitcase, or vehicle. Finally, the primary difference between these medical kits is that while the first aid kit is for day to day care, Individual First aid kit is designed to save lives in emergencies such as fire, shooting, accidents and they must be used by professionals only. To discover other items that must be contained in your IFAK, click here.